A biography of akhenaton also known as the heretic king

Builders under Pharaoh Akhenaten worked so hard they broke their backs The priesthood of Amun had reinforced the strength of their god by declaring him an aspect of Ra, and it was that association that made Amun acceptable to the rest of Egypt. This gave an unprecedented amount of power to the Amun priesthood, allowing them, through the god, to control not only the country, but also the king.

A biography of akhenaton also known as the heretic king

Originally, he was known as Amenhotep IV, but then changed his name to reflect his link with the new supreme deity, whom he worshiped. Akhenaten's wife is believed to have, at the very least, been a relative and most likely his half-sister, Nefertiti.

Pharaoh Akhenaten: A Different View of the Heretic King | Ancient Origins

It was a common, and expected, tradition among ancient Egyptian pharaohs, for the ruler to marry the eldest daughter of his father. Some believe she was only 12 when she married Akhenaten. Regardless of her relation to him, Nefertiti, is famous in her own right and famed for her beauty.

While the pharaoh had other wives as well, depictions found inside temples indicate that Nefertiti was without a doubt his chief wife, at least for twelve or so years.

The king eventually elevated Queen Nefertiti to divine status. Queen Nefertiti bore six daughters for King Akhenaten, while two sons, including the famous King Tutankhamun, are believed to be born to the Pharaoh and one of his sisters.

The other son, Smenkhkare, was crowned co-regent at only 16 years of age. King Tut was crowned King at the tender age of 8 or 9. Akehnaton succeeded to the thrown after his father's reign of 38 years and his subsequent death, only because Akehnaton's older brother had died of unknown and mysterious causes.

Scholars have surmised that Akehnaton as a child was shunned by most of his family and the public.

Temples and Taxation

He never received any honors and never appears in family portraits or was taken to public events. His mother, Queen Tiyee, however, favored him, which may have helped elevate him to the ultimate status he enjoyed.

Today, Marfan's Syndrome affects about one in 5, people and is a genetic disorder that involves the body's connective tissue. Depictions of the king and his family reveal that they displayed some of the symptoms of Marfan's Syndrome.

Akhenaten's Famous Family Tree

Symptoms include an elongated head, neck, arms, hands and feet, a pot belly and heavy thighs, poor muscle tone and a short torso. The illness tends to make people very tall and many die at an early age because of weakened aortas that are prone to rupture.

However, the King may have suffered from other illnesses. Other possibilities include Froelich's Syndrome, however, unlike Froelich's Syndrome, Marfan Syndrome does not result in lack of intelligence or sterility.

It is also possible that the King suffered from no illness at all, and simply pioneered a new trend in art. King Akhenaten is the first Pharaoh to insist that sculptures, paintings and other depictions of him and his family be real depictions instead of the strong, muscular-looking depictions of pharaohs in the past.

The innovative depictions gave the artists of the time freedom to portray the royal family in real-life events, something that had never happened before. Akhenaten and his Noteworthy Accomplishments Despite being cast out of society and his family as a child, Akhenaten is considered to be one of the world's most important religious innovators.

As one of Ancient Egypt's most controversial and influential pharaohs, Akhenaten's early reign was a time when Egypt prospered. He lived at the peak of Egypt's imperial glory when it had never been richer, more secure or more powerful.

He claimed, There is only one god, my father. I can approach him by day, by night.

A biography of akhenaton also known as the heretic king

The king wrote about being visited by beings that came from the sky, and the ancient Egyptians worshiped him as a god, believing he was a direct descendant of Aten, the disc of the sun. This was known as Atenism. It has been suggested that Akhenaten was actually the founder of the Judeo-Christian religion.

Sigmund Freud argued that Moses was an Atenist priest who had been forced to leave Egypt with his followers after the Heretic King's death.

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Freud believed that Moses achieved the monotheism that Akhenaten sought to promote. Worship of Aten Like no other Pharaoh before him, he abandoned the traditional Egyptian polytheism and started worship centered on Aten, God of the solar disc.

This happened during the sixth year of his reign, and he ordered all of the icons for gods other than Aten removed. It was at this time that he and his royal family moved from Thebes to Amarna, where the king lived for ten years.

These citizens were priests, traders, artisans, boatmen and their families. Amarna spanned many miles across the desert. Elegant palaces, statues of Akhenaten, decent housing and the widest road the ancient world had ever known made up Amarna.Neferneferuaten Nefertiti (/ ˌ n ɛ f ər ˈ t iː t i /) (c.

– c. BC) was an Egyptian queen and the Great Royal Wife (chief consort) of Akhenaten, an Egyptian grupobittia.comiti and her husband were known for a religious revolution, in which they worshiped one god only, Aten, or the sun grupobittia.com her husband, she reigned at what .

Akhenaten (/ ˌ æ k ə ˈ n ɑː t ən /; also spelled Echnaton, Akhenaton, Ikhnaton, and Khuenaten; meaning "Effective for Aten"), known before the fifth year of his reign as Amenhotep IV (sometimes given its Greek form, Amenophis IV, and meaning "Amun Is Satisfied"), was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty who ruled for 17 Father: Amenhotep III.

Caught in that sensual music all neglect Monuments of unageing intellect. William Butler Yeats (–), "Sailing to Byzantium". Rome casts a long shadow. I am writing in the Latin alphabet. I am using the Roman calendar, with its names of the months.

Akhenaten (aka Akhenaton) is one of Ancient Egypt's most controversial and notable pharaohs. He ruled for 17 years during the 18th Dynasty and came to be known by some fascinating names, including Great Heretic, The Heretic Pharaoh, and Rebel Pharaoh.

Akhenaten: The Heretic King Paperback – October 1, The Heretic King remains one of the foremost authoritarian source book on Pharaoh Akhenaton. The works of Mr. Redford are often cited as the “go to” expert on all things Ancient Amarna.

who is also one of the best known pharaohs. A good overview is provided of the Akhenaten /5(10). Amenhotep IV, also known as the Pharaoh Akhenaten, was destined to be remembered for his attempt at a religious conversion of ancient Egypt; one that saw the old gods put aside and replaced by a single god, the Aten.

Akhenaten - Wikipedia