Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Diversity in Higher Education Essay Sample Introduction The era of affirmative action in the university admissions in the United States is more or less over. A lot of resistance was raised against race-based admissions for various reasons Honan, ; ranging from the hypothesis that affirmative action was not beneficial to the candidates admitted through this mechanism as seen through the high dropout rate; to that affirmative action was tantamount to discrimination against candidates of other races who have equal or better qualifications than their minority contemporaries. As such, colleges have faced a challenge of ensuring that there is diversity among members of the student body.
Students, parents, and faculty are excited. But they are also nervous. These are difficult times for higher education in America.
At all but the nation's top colleges and universities, enrollments are down and budgets are strapped. Many explanations have been offered about why higher education is floundering: After all, how many assistant deans and new athletic fields does a college really need?
Far fewer than academic bureaucrats seem to think, in my humble opinion.
The heavy-headed use of racial and ethnic preferences in student admissions, financial aid, and faculty hiring is also to blame, but almost nobody ever mentions that. The explanation for the conspiracy of silence about affirmative action is easy to identify: As this year's entering class will quickly learn, higher education is dominated by the Left and racial preferences are the sacred cow of the Left.
Worse yet, critics of racial preferences are often retaliated against in both subtle and not so subtle ways. Opposition to preferential treatment is not well received at faculty meetings, to put it mildly.
The term "affirmative action" originated with an executive order signed by President John F. Kennedy on March 6, that was designed to promote non-discrimination in the United States. Johnson took the next major step when he issued an executive order of his own in that required government employers to take "affirmative action" to "hire without regard to race, religion and national origin.
Indeed, the people of Michigan were reacting to that discrimination when they amended the Michigan constitution in to forbid preferential treatment on the basis of race, ethnicity, gender, and national origin in education, public employment, and contracting.
Supreme Court ruled, 6 to 2, in April in Schuette v. Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action that the people of Michigan were allowed to ban preferential treatment in the state. California's Propositionenacted a decade before the Michigan amendment, was motivated by similar concerns, and recent attempts to repeal it would adversely impact Asian-Americans in particular, who do extremely well in merit-based processes.
Admissions The Supreme Court has struggled for decades with how colleges and universities may use racial and ethnic preferences in admissions. At present, the law is this: The first point stems from the Supreme Court's 5 to 4 decision in the University of Michigan law school case.
The second is from the Court's ruling in the University of Texas case. If--and it's a big "if"--lower courts abide by the Supreme Court's directive, admissions programs across the nation will start dropping like flies because race is used heavy-handedly rather than modestly on almost every occasion.
If, however, lower courts continue to defer to academic institutions, the institutions will continue to dissemble and prevaricate in order to try to avoid having their illegal programs declared illegal. That happened recently on remand in the U.
We will have to wait and see what the Supreme Court does about it. Financial Assistance Many colleges and universities offer diversity scholarships that are awarded on the basis of race.
While the Supreme Court has said that race may be a plus factor in admissions decisions, it has never said that race can be the basis for scholarship awards once an applicant has been admitted. In the apt words of Terry Pell, the president of the Center for Individual Rights, "A scholarship awarded on the basis of race inevitably stigmatizes talented minority applicants, who come to be recognized for their race rather than their considerable academic achievements.
Indeed the quote from Terry Pell was in response to a lawsuit that the public interest organization he heads filed against the University of Connecticut earlier this summer. The suit alleges that Pamela Swanigan was not allowed to compete for a prestigious merit-based scholarship despite being the top applicant the year she applied.
Although UConn told Swanigan, who is biracial, that she had received a merit-based scholarship, it had actually changed her award to one in a less prestigious and largely segregated scholarship program intended to increase diversity.
Consequently, she was deprived of the opportunity to compete for an academic award that would have benefitted her career, and she also has been forced to work multiple jobs to finish her degree. Swanigan has stated publicly that "My goal is to ensure that students are treated as individuals regardless of race and regardless of other efforts to promote racial diversity.
I wanted--and still want--to compete on the basis of my academic abilities just like any other student. The "rationale" for that unconscionable program was that the faculty had concluded that minority students would be "too intimidated" to speak if white classmates were in the study session with them.
The segregated program was discontinued only after a brave minority student objected to it on both legal and moral grounds.
To mention one additional example in the financial assistance area, some law schools permit students to apply for a LSAC DiscoverLaw.
At least one of the schools had the common sense to amend its applications advertisement after a law professor on the faculty complained to the president of the university about the blatant illegality of the existing advertisement.
Jackson that it violates the Constitution's equal protection clause to prefer minority faculty over non-minority faculty in order to ensure faculty role models for minority students, academic institutions nevertheless strongly prefer minority candidates in their faculty hiring processes.
As I have described previously for the National Association of Scholars under the pseudonym "Nevin Montgomery" so as to try to avoid being retaliated against for speaking truth to power, race is used much more aggressively in faculty hiring than it is in student admissions, in large part because there are far fewer faculty positions available than there are admissions slots.
Several conspicuous examples come quickly to mind. First, a friend of mine who teaches at a different law school copied me on the following email that he sent to a prominent civil rights lawyer: I know we're not alone in this, but it seems even more obviously illegal than arrangements that give preferences to minorities.Affirmative Action and Higher Education Admissions Essay Words | 7 Pages Introduction Known as one of the biggest obstacles in higher education to date would arguably be the use of affirmative action within the higher education admission process for both private and public institutions (Kaplin & Lee, ; Wang & Shulruf, ).
For Discrimination: Race, Affirmative Action, and the Law [Randall Kennedy] on grupobittia.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. For Discrimination is at once the definitive reckoning with one of America’s most explosively contentious and divisive issues and a principled work of advocacy for clearly defined justice.
What precisely is affirmative action. Affirmative Action in College Admissions Affirmative Action has become one of the most controversial issues regarding college admissions.
It is an issue that exposes profiling to its highest extent. Race, gender and income now become vital factors in education opportunities. Affirmative Action in university and college admissions does not take a progressive stance for higher education and a well diverse student body can be achieved through other methods..
When a university admissions policy focuses on race and ethnic backgrounds as one of the central factors in the decision making process, the university is being /5(11).
Affirmative action policies are those in which an institution or organization actively engages in efforts to improve opportunities for historically excluded groups in American society.
Affirmative action policies often focus on employment and education. In institutions of higher education. Oct 14, · THE founding principle of affirmative action was fairness. After years of oppression, it seemed folly to judge blacks by the same measures as whites.
“You do not take a .