Democracy, Human Rights, and Militarism In the War on Drugs in Latin America TNI, Cedib and Inforpress Centroamericana, The following essays present insights into the various levels of military involvement in the war on drugs and the implications of this involvement in terms of democracy and human rights in the Western hemisphere. This introduction provides an overview of the increasingly repressive approach to the drugs issue and its damaging impact on the fragile democratization process in Latin America. Accompanying the end of the Cold War were widespread hopes that Latin America would continue moving away from military dictatorships and civil wars.
Military relations As part of its Plan Colombia program, the United States government currently provides hundreds of millions of dollars per year of military aidtraining, and equipment to Colombia,  to fight left-wing guerrillas such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia FARC-EPwhich has been accused of being involved in drug trafficking.
DynCorpthe largest private company involved, was among those contracted by the State Department, while others signed contracts with the Defense Department. Author Grace Livingstone has stated that more Colombian SOA graduates have been implicated in human rights abuses than currently known SOA graduates from any other country.
Inthe Clinton administration initially waived all but one of the human rights conditions attached to Plan Colombia, considering such aid as crucial to national security at the time. Colombia increased its defense spending from 3. Overall, the results were extremely positive.
Greater spending on infrastructure and social programs helped the Colombian government increase its political legitimacy, while improved security forces were better able to consolidate control over large swaths of the country previously overrun by insurgents and drug cartels.
It also notes that, "Plan Colombia has been widely hailed as a success, and some analysts believe that, byColombian security forces had finally gained the upper hand once and for all. It was approved on June 30,and its stated aim is combating the threats of drug trafficking and transnational crime.
There is still not any type of plan that addresses these people. No weapons are included in the plan. Honduras has been a major stop for drug traffickers, who use small planes and landing strips hidden throughout the country to transport drugs. DEA agents, working with other U.
The War on Drugs has been a highly contentious issue since its inception. A poll on October 2,found that three in four Americans believed that the War On Drugs was failing.
Penalties for drug crimes among American youth almost always involve permanent or semi-permanent removal from opportunities for education, strip them of voting rightsand later involve creation of criminal records which make employment more difficult.
Many cartels, especially Los Zetas have taken advantage of the limited resources of these nations. As a comparison, in Chile and the U. However, direct taxes on income are very hard to enforce and in some cases tax evasion is seen as a national pastime.
In many areas of South America the coca leaf has traditionally been chewed and used in tea and for religious, medicinal and nutritional purposes by locals. In many areas the U. CIA and Contra cocaine trafficking Further information: State Department "who provided support for the Contras are involved in drug trafficking State Department of funds authorized by the Congress for humanitarian assistance to the Contras, in some cases after the traffickers had been indicted by federal law enforcement agencies on drug charges, in others while traffickers were under active investigation by these same agencies.
Government connection was initially attacked at the time by the media. Heroin trafficking operations involving the CIA, U. Navy and Sicilian Mafia Further information: Labor union members were terrorized and murdered by mafia members as a means of preventing labor unrest and ensuring smooth shipping of supplies to Europe.
Clair, in order to prevent Communist party members from being elected in Italy following World War II, the CIA worked closely with the Sicilian Mafiaprotecting them and assisting in their worldwide heroin smuggling operations.
The mafia was in conflict with leftist groups and was involved in assassinating, torturing, and beating leftist political organizers. The page study, "Sealing the Borders: The study noted that seven prior studies in the past nine years, including one by the Center for Naval Research and the Office of Technology Assessment, had come to similar conclusions.
Interdiction efforts, using current armed forces resources, would have almost no effect on cocaine importation into the United States, the report concluded. The report said that treatment is the cheapest way to cut drug use, stating that drug treatment is twenty-three times more effective than the supply-side "war on drugs".
The NRC Committee found that existing studies on efforts to address drug usage and smuggling, from U. It is unconscionable for this country to continue to carry out a public policy of this magnitude and cost without any way of knowing whether and to what extent it is having the desired effect.
According to a study, this effort was successful, but its effects were largely temporary. It has been extrapolated that even if prohibition had not been repealed inalcohol consumption would have quickly surpassed pre-prohibition levels.It just seems like the purpose of the war on drugs has been lost, and as a result of the powers that be not accepting an alternative, other battles are being lost as well.
Jimmy Carter once said, “Penalties against possession of a drug should not be more damaging to an individual than the use of the drug itself” (Playboy, pg. 47).grupobittia.com War on Drugs and Prison Overcrowding. War on Drugs is an expression applied commonly to the campaign against illegal drugs by the U.S.
grupobittia.com May 15, · The war on drugs being fought here in the United States, is the overall dependency for drugs. It is highly demanded for distribution, personal use, and strings in other violent crimes. We can put an end to this dependency by applying some basic principles and steps.
Others would say that the war on drugs is a war against the minority males. Then again, others would say the war on drugs is a war against women. This last argument, is not as often discussed as it is prevalent in the statistics researchers discover in studies on the war on drugs.
Human Rights and Duterte’s War on Drugs. Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s war on drugs has led to thousands of extrajudicial killings, raising human rights concerns, says expert John.
The war on drugs is a failed policy, and new policies should be put in place to curb this menace in the world. The number of drug cartels has been growing not only in the United States but also in other countries, such as Mexico, India, Brazil, and Columbia, among others.