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The Olympic Games are an international sports festival that began in ancient Greece. The original Greek games were staged every fourth year for several hundred years, until they were abolished in the early Christian era.
The original Olympics featured competition in music, oratory, and theater performances as well. The modern Games have a more expansive athletic agenda, and for two and one-half weeks they are supposed to replace the rancor of international conflict with friendly competition.
In recent times, however, that lofty ideal has not always been attained. The earliest reliable date that recorded history gives for the first Olympics is BC, although virtually all historians presume that the Games began well before then.
It is certain that during the midsummer of BC a festival was held at Olympia on the highly civilized eastern coast of the Peloponnesian peninsula. That festival remained a regularly scheduled event, taking place during the pre- Christian golden age of Greece. As a testimony to the religious nature of the Games, which were held in honor of Zeus, the most important god in the ancient Greek pantheon, all wars would cease during the contests.
According to the earliest records, only one athletic event was held in the ancient Olympics--a foot race of about m ydor the length of the stadium. A cook, Coroibus of Elis, was the first recorded winner. The first few Olympics had only local appeal and were limited to one race on one day; only men were allowed to compete or attend.
A second race--twice the length of the stadium-- was added in the 14th Olympics, and a still longer race was added to the next competition, four years later.
When the powerful, warlike Spartans began to compete, they influenced the agenda. The 18th Olympics included wrestling and a pentathlon consisting of running, jumping, spear throwing, discus throwing, and wrestling. Boxing was added at the 23rd Olympiad, and the games continued to expand, with the addition of chariot racing and other sports.
In the 37th Olympiad the format was extended to five days of competition.
The growth of the Games fostered "professionalism" among the competitors, and the Olympic ideals waned as royalty began to compete for personal gain, particularly in the chariot events.
Human beings were being glorified as well as the gods; many winners erected statues to deify themselves. In AD the games were officially ended by the Roman emperor Theodosius, who felt that they had pagan connotations. The revival of the Olympic Games inunlike the original Games, has a clear, concise history.
Pierre de Coubertin, a young French nobleman, felt that he could institute an educational program in France that approximated the ancient Greek notion of a balanced development of mind and body. The Greeks themselves had tried to revive the Olympics by holding local athletic games in Athens during the s, but without lasting success.OVERVIEW.
This year's conference will feature the following shared tasks: a news translation task, a biomedical translation task, an automatic post-editing task.
Special Olympics research policy papers distill the organization's scientific findings into shorter overviews of topics of particular interest to the movement.
Designed for readers without scientific backgrounds, these papers often draw from multiple sources to explore a issue, rather than just summarize one research study.
Not the Triumph But the Struggle: Olympics and the Making of the Black Athlete [Amy Bass] on grupobittia.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In her excellent new book, Amy Bass uses the famous 'black power' podium salute by sprinters John Carlos and Tommie Smith as the centerpiece of her expansive examination of the black athlete in America.
Research Paper. Research papers are a common type of paper for students to write, especially when they are attending college. These papers require students to perform research, such as utilizing primary and secondary sources to draw new conclusions. For students who have not written this type of paper before, it may seem daunting.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (French: Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of grupobittia.com Olympic Games are considered the world's foremost sports competition with more than nations participating.
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.