Wicca During the 20th century, interest in witchcraft in English-speaking and European countries began to increase, inspired particularly by Margaret Murray 's theory of a pan-European witch-cult originally published insince discredited by further careful historical research. The truth of Gardner's claim is now disputed too, with different historians offering evidence for   or against    the religion's existence prior to Gardner.
This question has been asked for over years. Although it is a simple question, it does not have an easy answer. The answer is difficult because there are numerous factors and events that helped create and influence the trials.
The main factors that started and fueled the trials were politics, religion, family feuds, economics, and the imaginations and fears of the people. The following essay on these causes and the events surrounding the Salem witch trials of is divided into four sections: Salem Politics Salem Village had a very colorful history before the famous witch trials.
It was not exactly known as a bastion of tranquillity in New England. The main reason was its plus residents were divided into two main parts: The residents who wanted to separate from Salem Town were farming families located in the western part of Salem Village.
Those who wanted to remain a part of Salem Town were typically located on the eastern side of Salem Village--closest to Salem Town. The residents who wished to remain a part of Salem Town were economically tied to its thriving, rich harbors.
This individualism was in opposition to the communal nature that Puritanism mandated. Thus, they were out of touch with the rest of Salem Village. One particularly large farming family who felt that Salem Town was out of touch with the rest of Salem Village was the Putnams.
The Putnams were the leaders of the separatist group primarily because they owned the most farmland in Salem Village. They hoped to solidify a separation from Salem Town by establishing a congregation unique from it. So ina congregation was formed under the Rev.
Samuel Parris and began worshipping in the Salem Village Meetinghouse. However, the congregation only represented a select group since over half of its members were Putnams. Contracts for ministers during this period often provided them with a modest salary, use of a house, and free firewood.
Parris received this and much more.
He not only got a modest salary and free firewood, but the title and deed to the parsonage and its surrounding land. This perk especially angered the residents who wanted to remain a part of Salem Town.
The Salem Town supporters showed their opposition by refusing to worship at the Meetinghouse and withholding their local taxes. These actions by the new committee caused Parris and his family to rely solely on voluntary contributions for sustenance.
The Putnams were now worried of losing Parris and the soughted independence from Salem Town the congregation would help bring, and Parris was concerned about his job and providing for his family.
Cold Winter Days The Rev. Samuel Parris had a relatively small family. He was married and had a nine year old daughter, Betty, and a twelve year old niece, Abigail Williams, who was an orphan.
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Abigail was expected to earn her keep by doing most of the household chores, and also care for her invalid aunt. After chores were done, there was little entertainment for Betty and Abigail.Nudity in Ancient to Modern Cultures.
Aileen Goodson (This chapter excerpt is from Aileen Goodson's Therapy, Nudity & Joy) "If anything is sacred, the human body is sacred". The Puritan community is again portrayed as disgraceful when “John Wilson, the eldest clergyman of Boston” (60), steps forward above the scaffold where Hester continues to stand.
He “had carefully prepared himself for the occasion” (63). It doesn’t have to be this way. Each of us can take intentional steps to unbusy our lives. Consider this Helpful Guide to Becoming Unbusy.
North Shore Community College welcomes you to Hawthorne in Salem. This Website was funded in May of by a three-year grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities and is a collaborative effort of North Shore Community College in Danvers, Massachusetts, and three Salem, Massachusetts museums with important Hawthorne collections: The Peabody Essex Museum, the House of the .
Featured Resources Classic Puritan Books. Works of Richard Sibbes: 7 Volume Set The Works of John Owen(16 Vol. Set). Exposition of Hebrews (7 Volume Set) by John Owen Biblical Theology by John Owen Letters of Samuel Rutherford(Unabridged). The Loveliness of Christ by Samuel Rutherford The Works of Thomas Brooks.
Puritans and the Salem Witch Trials During the time period of to the town of Salem, a small thriving community within the Puritan Massachusetts Bay colony, was struck by widespread hysteria in the form of witch trials.