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Founding[ edit ] The neighborhood's name combines the names of the Village of Bedford and the Stuyvesant Heights neighborhoods. Stuyvesant is derived from Peter Stuyvesantthe last governor of the colony of New Netherland.
In pre- revolutionary Kings County, Bedford was the first, major settlement east of the Village of Brooklyn on the ferry road to the town of Jamaica and eastern Long Island. Stuyvesant Heights, however, was farmland; the area became a community after the American Revolutionary War.
Inthe Weeksville subsection was recognized as one of the first, free African-American communities in the United States. The hamlet had its beginnings when a group of Breuckelen residents decided to improve their farm properties behind the Wallabout section, which gradually developed into an important produce center and market.
The petition to form a new hamlet was approved by Governor Stuyvesant in Its leading signer was Thomas Lambertsen, a carpenter from Holland. A year later, the British capture of New Netherland signaled the end of Dutch rule. Bedford hamlet had an inn as early asand, inthe people of Breuckelen purchased from the Canarsie Indians an additional area for common lands in the surrounding region.
Bedford Corners, approximately located where the present Bedford Avenue meets Fulton Streetand only three blocks west of the present Historic District, was the intersection of several well traveled roads.
The Brooklyn and Jamaica Turnpike, constructed by a corporation founded in and one of the oldest roads in Kings County, ran parallel to the present Fulton Street, from the East River ferry to the village of Brooklyn, thence to the hamlet of Bedford and on toward Jamaica via Bed—Stuy.
Farmers from New Lots and Flatbush used this road on their way to Manhattan. Hunterfly Road, which joined the Turnpike about a mile to the east of Clove Road, also served as a route for farmers and fishermen of the Canarsie and New Lots areas.
At the time of the Revolution, Leffert's son Jakop was a leading citizen of Bedford and the town clerk of Brooklyn. His neighbor, Lambert Suydam, was captain of the Kings County cavalry in Inthe people of the Town of Brooklyn held their first town meeting since The present, gridiron, street system was laid out inas shown by the Street Commissioners map ofand the blocks were lotted.
The new street grid led to the abandonment of the Brooklyn and Jamaica Turnpike in favor of a continuation of Brooklyn's Fulton Street, which was opened up just south of the Historic District in The lands for the street system within what is now Bedford—Stuyvesant however were not sold to the City of Brooklyn until Earlier in the same year Charles C.
Betts had purchased Maria Lott's tract of land. This marked the end of two centuries of Dutch patrimonial holdings. Betts, as Secretary of the Brooklyn Railroad Company acquired the land for the horsecar, later trolley, lines on Fulton Street and for investment purposes.
Most of the streets were not actually opened, however, until the s. Streets in Bedford—Stuyvesant were named after prominent figures in American history. The Dripps Map of shows that the area was still largely rural with a few freestanding houses mostly on MacDonough Street. The real development of the district began slowly at first, accelerating between andand gradually tapering off during the first two decades of the 20th century.
In the s and s, more rows were added, most of the Stuyvesant Heights north of Decatur Street looked much as it does today. Stuyvesant Heights was emerging as a neighborhood entity with its own distinctive characteristics. The houses had large rooms, high ceilings, and large windows and were built primarily by German immigrants.
A contemporary description calls it a very well kept residential neighborhood, typical of the general description of Brooklyn as "a town of homes and churches. The grounds were demolished in In the last decades of the 19th century, with the advent of electric trolleys and the Fulton Street ElevatedBedford—Stuyvesant became a working-class and middle-class bedroom community for those working in downtown Brooklyn and Manhattan in New York City.
At that time, most of the pre-existing wooden homes were destroyed and replaced with brownstone rowhouses. Immigrants from the American South and the Caribbean brought the neighborhood's black population to around 30, making it the second largest Black community in the city at the time.
During World War IIthe Brooklyn Navy Yard attracted many blacks to the neighborhood as an opportunity for employment, while the relatively prosperous war economy enabled many of the resident Jews and Italians to move to Queens and Long Island.
Bythe number of blacks had risen to , comprising about 55 percent of the population of Bedford—Stuyvesant. As a result, formerly middle class white homes were being turned over to poorer black families. Byeighty-five percent of the population was black.
During the same year, Alfred E. Social and racial divisions in the city contributed to the tensions, which climaxed when attempts at community control in the nearby Ocean Hill - Brownsville school district pitted some black community residents and activists from both inside and outside the area against teachers, the majority of whom were whitemany of them Jewish.Croxley Green Neighbourhood Plan - Examination.
The Croxley Green Neighbourhood Development Plan examination has now been completed and the Examiner submitted their report to Three Rivers District Council on 21 September OUR CEO Michele Ladd LIVE on Facebook interviewing an 88 Year Old Korean War Veteran.
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An explosive fire in a North End house has left one person dead. Chaos spread on Polson Avenue Sunday afternoon as flames shot out the roof of a home and smoke billowed through the neighbourhood. The Neighborhood Planning web site is an expression of the passion of its authors.
The site contents are posted as an educational resource for those who take full pride in their neighborhoods and want to protect and improve them.
An explosive fire in a North End house has left one person dead. Chaos spread on Polson Avenue Sunday afternoon as flames shot out the roof of a home and smoke billowed through the neighbourhood.